Company: BiolineRX (Israël)
Product: BL-8040 in combination with G-CSF
- peptide. BL-8040 is a short peptide that functions as a high-affinity antagonist for CXCR4, a chemokine receptor that is directly involved in tumor progression, angiogenesis (growth of new blood vessels in the tumor), metastasis (spread of the disease to other organs or organ parts) and cell survival. CXCR4 is over-expressed in more than 70% of human cancers and its expression often correlates with disease severity. BL-8040 has been shown to induce the mobilization of healthy hematopoietic stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood. BL-8040 also mobilizes cancer cells from the bone marrow and other sites and may therefore expose these cells to chemo- and bio-based anti-cancer therapy and induce apoptosis (cell death). Pre-clinical studies show that BL-8040 is efficient, both alone and in combination with the anti-cancer drug rituximab, in reducing bone marrow metastasis of lymphoma cells and stimulating lymphoma cell death. BL-8040 was licensed by BioLineRx from Biokine Therapeutics and was previously developed under the name BKT-140.
Disease: mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) used for autologous transplantation in multiple myeloma patients
area: Cancer - Oncology
- The GENESIS study is a Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study, evaluating the safety, tolerability and efficacy of BL-8040 in combination with G-CSF, compared to placebo and G-CSF, for the mobilization of CD34 HSCs for autologous transplantation in multiple myeloma patients. The placebo-controlled part is designed to include 177 patients in more than 25 centers. Treatment will include 5 days of G-CSF, with a single dose of BL-8040 or placebo on day 4 with the option to expand treatment to up to 8 days of G-CSF and up to 2 days of BL-8040. Apheresis for collection of CD34 cells will be performed on day 5. An additional 3 apheresis sessions may be conducted if needed in order to reach the goal of ? 6x106 mobilized CD34 cells/kg.
The primary objective of the study is to demonstrate the superiority of a single dose of BL-8040 in combination with G-CSF, over placebo and G-CSF, in the mobilization of ? 6x106 CD34 cells/kg in up to 2 apheresis sessions, in preparation for autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma patients. Secondary objectives include time to engraftment of neutrophils and platelets, durability of the engraftment, as well as safety and other efficacy parameters.(NCT03246529)
- • On August 7, 2018, BioLineRx announced positive results from the lead-in period of the GENESIS trial, a double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 trial comparing BL-8040 in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), to G-CSF alone, for the mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) used for autologous transplantation in multiple myeloma patients.
- The open-label, single-arm, lead-in period of the study was designed to include up to 30 patients, with Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) review after completion of approximately 10, 20 and 30 patients, in order to assess safety and efficacy following treatment with BL-8040 plus G-CSF.
- Results of the first 11 patients show that BL-8040 in combination with standard G-CSF treatment is safe and tolerable. In addition, the data show that 9/11 patients (82%) reached the primary endpoint threshold of ? 6x106 CD34 cells/kg with only one dose of BL-8040 and in up to 2 apheresis sessions. Furthermore, 7/11 patients (64%) reached the threshold of ? 6x106 CD34 cells/kg in a single apheresis session only. These data demonstrate the potential of BL-8040 treatment to reduce the number of administrations and apheresis sessions, as well as hospitalization costs, related to the preparation of multiple myeloma patients for autologous HSC transplantation. Top-line results from the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled part of the study, are expected in 2020.
- • On December 21, 2017, BioLineRx announced the initiation of the Phase 3 GENESIS clinical trial, in which BL-8040 will be compared to placebo, on top of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), for the mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) used for autologous transplantation in multiple myeloma patients.
- The primary objective of the study is to demonstrate that BL-8040 on top of G-CSF is superior to G-CSF alone in the ability of mobilize ? 6x106 HSCs in up to 2 aphereses. Secondary objectives include time to engraftment of neutrophils and platelets and durability of engraftment, as well as other efficacy and safety parameters.